Description of the plant – Thyme is a perennial, half-bushy, herbaceous plant tall from the Lamiaceae family. The stem is long and at its base is stubborn, and in the upper part it is herbaceous. The root is strong and branched with many veins that allow it to thrive on skeletal and poor soil. The leaves are small and arranged opposite. The lower leaves are curved backwards and the upper leaves are horizontal and flush with the reverse. Small flowers develop in the armpit of the leaves, making the loose bloom. The flowers are white to pale pink in color. The petals and crowns of the inflorescences contain tiny glittering glands that secrete essential oil. It blooms from May to October. It is a very honey plant and the bees are visit it throughout the year. It is frost resistant and can withstand high summer temperatures. For now, thyme lasts 3-5 years as it tolerates cutting slightly less than other plant species. Most of thymus vulgaris is grown in our country and the surrounding countries cultivate Thymus x citriodorus, Thymus pulegioides, Thymus doerfleri, Thymus subarcticus, Thymus praecox. Thyme is a warm climate plant. It is suitable for sunny terrains that are sheltered from the effects of wind. There is a great need for heat and light in the flowering phase. In the rainy and cloudy years, a much lower quality is obtained. Propagated by seed through seedling production. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place in the fall, from the beginning of October, as long as weather and soil conditions allow. It can be planted in spring, as early as possible, and no later than mid-April. Mows twice during vegetation. Thyme is used in thyme above the thyme. Thyme contains 0.8-1.5% of essential oil in dried above-ground part, and 1.5-3% in leaf and flowers. There are tannins, acids, phenols and other ingredients in the thyme. It should be emphasized that depending on the habitat of the plant Thymus vulgaris, different oil chemotypes occur. The main constituents of the essential oil are: thymol, carvacrol, geraniol, linalol, limonene, trans-tuyanol and gamma- and alpha-terpineol. The most sought after is the essential oil of thyme – the chemotype thymol. Thyme is used in medicine and pharmacy for the manufacture of preparations for bacterial infections of the respiratory organs. Because of its pleasant taste it is used in the manufacture of toothpaste and mouthwash. In the food industry it is used as a spice and a side dish.
There are four rosemary essential oil chemotypes. The cineol hemotype grows in North Africa, the verbenone / bornyl acetate chemotype comes from Corsica, the camphor chemotype is typical of Dalmatia, and the ß-mircene / camphor chemotype comes from the Atlantic coast.